From the ancient Egyptians to the legendary Vikings, the geocentric model has existed in many forms. This article aims to elaborate on several of those forms, and to show how thousands of years of history, and science, cannot help but scream, “the earth is flat and motionless!”.
Who were the first people to believe in a geocentric model?
Unfortunately, no records prior to the Sumerians exist today, and what little does exist cannot be said to be conclusive. However, Mesopotamia, divided into the Old Babylonian, Assyrian, New Babylonian and Late Babylonian periods, can be claimed as the first civilisation to record their cosmology. From the, Imago Mundi, Babylonian map, the oldest known world map, dated at around the 6th century BC, we can see the Babylonians believed themselves to be located on a land surrounded by water. There are also the Babylonian myths centered on plurality of the heavens and earth with a six-level universe consisting of three heavens and three earths: two heavens above the sky, the heaven of the stars, the earth, the underground of the Apsu, and the underworld of the dead. The Earth was created by the god Marduk as a raft floating on fresh water (Apsu) surrounded by a vastly larger body of salt water (Tiamat).
The gods were divided into two pantheons, one occupying the heavens and the other in the underworld.
These “myths” draw many similarities to the later models and can be said to show us the origins of ‘separating the waters’, ‘primordial waters’, ‘sheol’, as well as alluding to the ‘flat Earth’ itself via Earth’s depiction as a raft. These ideologies still remain at the heart of many of the geocentric models that have existed, as well as religious texts, like the Bible.
The next Greatest civilisation to believe the geocentric model to be a reality are the, ‘Ancient Egyptians’, who existed relatively close to Mesopotamians in both time and location.
Egyptian legend declares that the sky goddess Nut gives birth to Ra once a year, catalysing both calendar development and the concept of divine royalty, plus the matrilineal inheritance of the throne. Nut is often portrayed as a naked female stretched across the sky. The Sun (Ra) is shown entering her mouth, passing through her star speckled body and emerging from her birth canal nine months later (from the spring equinox to the winter solstice). Thus, Ra becomes a self-creating god, i.e. the Universe is self-creating and eternal. On the subject of the Earth, and it’s shape, the Egyptians believed the earth, personified by the god, Geb, is a flat piece of land over which arches the sky, represented by the sky goddess, Nut.
Here the Egyptians have given us a direct reference to the “dome”, or “firmament”, as the sky goddess, Nut, and her star speckled body. The self-creating and eternal universe can be thought of as the ‘Torus field’, which is a hot topic of discussion within the intellectual world. And the Earth itself is claimed to be a flat piece of land. All of this from a culture capable of creating the most amazing megaliths to have ever existed. Megaliths which align with the unchanging constellations, and are so mathematically precise that modern scientists still struggle to understand how they were made.
The next civilisation I’ll be discussing lies across the vastness of the ocean, separated from Egypt and Mesopatamia by both time and space, these descendants of the Mayan people had another, very interesting take on Earth, and it’s place within the universe. I refer, of course, to the Aztecs.
The Aztecs believed in three vertical levels in the cosmos:-
13 heavenly planes (Topan),
the surface of the earth (Tlalticpac),
and the 9 planes of the underworld (Mictlan).
The earth’s plane was divided into 4 equal sections and represented as a surface on which there were 5 points, often shown as 5 trees, the centre one being the axis mundi, rooted in the world of the dead but as tall as the highest skies.
Coming from a civilisation famous for their accurate calendars, and overall expertise regarding the heavens, one must consider how a civilisation who believed themselves to live within a plane of existence could deduce such remarkable results if the Earth were truly a spinning ball?
Similarities can also be drawn between the Aztec model and that of the Vikings. In Norse mythology, the earth was thought to be a flat disk. This disk is in the branches of the world tree, Yggdrasil. Asgard was located at the centre of the disk. Asgard is where the gods lived, and could only be reached by walking across the rainbow (Bifröst) bridge. The Frost Giants lived in a place called Jötunheimr, meaning, giant realm.
A cold, dark place called Niflheim was ruled by Hel. She was the daughter of Loki. This was the eventual home of most of the dead. Located somewhere in the south was the fiery realm of Muspelheim, home of the fire giants.
In between Asgard and Niflheim was Midgard, the world of men.
Again we see a focus on the axis mundi, the connector of world’s, this time represented by the ‘tree of life’. We see direct mention of a flat Earth. We also see influences on the biblical interpretation of ‘Hell’ being the place of the dead. As well as the frost, and fire, giants which can be interpreted as the blue and red shift of the torus field.
The final historical cosmology I’d like to discuss is China’s. Chinese thought on the form of the Earth remained almost unchanged from early dynasties until the first contacts with modern science, through the medium of Jesuit missionaries in the 17th century. While the heavens were variously described as being like an umbrella covering the Earth (the Kai Tian theory), or like a sphere surrounding it (the Hun Tian theory), or as being without substance while the heavenly bodies float freely (the Hsüan yeh theory), the Earth was at all times flat, although perhaps bulging up slightly.
Again we see direct references to the Earth being flat. The theories may vary slightly, yet the Earth’s surface remains unchanged. Until the jesuit deception began to spread across East Asia, that is.
Given that ALL civilisations prior to, Copernicus, believed in a geocentric cosmology, I don’t feel it necessary to go over every last one, but a few honourable mentions must go to the Hebrew, Navajo, and Hindu people. All of whom had their own unique interpretation of our flat Earth.
So, how is it that civilisations separated by time and space, civilisations mainstream science says had no way of influencing each others cultures, can all reach conclusions that bare remarkable similarities, as well as, in some cases, reach the exact same conclusion?
In order to answer that, I feel it’s time we segway into the scientific achievements derived from the geocentric perspective and how this very perspective has influenced science over the ages.
The first manual for a scientific instrument, written in the 1390’s by, Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘Treatise on the Astrolabe’, discusses how the Astrolabe works. The multi-purpose, geocentric, contraption is capable of accurately deducing the time of day, your location, celestial events, and much more.
Today, many scientists will argue the Astrolabe is not a flat earth invention, yet the fact remains that during the 1390s nobody believed the heliocentric model to be true, let alone devise an accurate scientific instrument that supports it.
A very interesting geocentric invention to mention is the sundial. In particular, the 750 year old sundial at, Konark Temple, in, Odisha, India.
The, Konark, sundial has 8 major spokes that divide 24 hours into 8 equal parts, which means that the time between two major spokes is 3 hours. There are 8 minor spokes as well. Each minor spoke runs exactly in the middle of 2 major spokes. This means that the minor spoke divides the 3 hours in half, so the time between a major spoke and a minor spoke is an hour and half or 90 minutes.
Now, at the edge of the wheel, you can see a lot of beads. If you observe carefully, you can see that there are 30 beads between a minor and a major spoke. So, the 90 minutes are further divided by 30 beads. This means that each bead carries a value of 3 minutes. The beads are large enough, so you can also see if the shadow falls in the center of the bead or on one of the ends of the bead. This way we can further calculate time accurately to the minute.
This 24 hour sundial was created at a time when the geocentric model was an accepted reality, and much like the Astrolabe it still works to this very day.
There also exists an ancient invention that, quite literally, disproves the notion of a molten iron core, and instead references the center of our plane of existence. I speak, of course, about the humble compass. Originally invented almost 2,000 years ago. The first compasses were made of lodestone, a naturally magnetized ore of iron, in Han dynasty China between 300 and 200 BC. Later compasses were made of iron needles, magnetized by striking them with a lodestone. Dry compasses begin appearing around the 1300s in Medieval Europe and the Medieval Islamic world.
Some of you may be wondering how a compass can disprove the alleged molten core of the Earth, presented to us within the heliocentric theory. The answer is simple. A compass points to the strongest magnetic field it can detect. If the Earth’s core were molten iron, generating the magnetic field of the Earth, then the compass would likely spin in place, regardless of location, due to the strongest magnet being bellow the observers feet. Seeing as a compass continually points to the “north pole”, the Arctic, and does not flip when crossing the equator, it is safe to say that the humble compass is proof of our geocentric reality.
Another amazingly intricate piece of geocentric science, the ‘antikythera mechanism’ is a unique artifact recovered from the bottom of the ocean. The first known computer, attributed to the Greeks, the antikythera mechanism is capable of predicting astronomical positions and eclipses. Arguably, the Greeks were both heliocentric and geocentric, depending on who you ask, and the period of time. Yet the Greeks of old were geocentric, from Plato, to Heraclides, refusing the heliocentric proposal by Aristarchus, and the ‘cult of pythagoras’, before ultimately being furthered by, Ptolemy.
There are many other engineering marvels, and scientific instruments, that prove our geocentric world, the Suez Canal, the sextant, and periscopes, to name but a few, but one cannot write an article on the history of flat earth, and the scientific achievements surrounding it, without mentioning the experiments that have conclusively proven our geocentric reality.
From the Bedford level experiment, to the Michelson-Morley and Michelson-Gale experiments, the scientific method has repeatedly proven the Earth to be flat and motionless. Another noteworthy piece of science is the ‘Sagnac experiment’, which simultaneously disproved Einsteins theory of relativity and ultimately proved the existence of the aether. It’s because of these experiments, and others, that the debate between geocentric and heliocentric continued right up into the middle of the 20th century, and it wasn’t until NASA claimed to have visited the moon, and displayed the infamous ‘Earth rise’ image, that the debate truly began to settle; in favour of the jesuit inspired heliocentric theory.
So, who are the Jesuits?
The Jesuit order was founded in France, with their headquarters in Rome, they are a branch of the Roman Catholic Church. They’re also responsible for the present day heliocentric theory, revived through the Catholic, Nikolaus Copernicus, the big bang theory, presented to the world by the Catholic priest, George Lemaitre, and even the globe Earth itself via the Catholic, Christopher Colombus.
Interestingly, Italy also happens to be the alleged location pythagoras and his followers settled in, and began creating a society that reflected their unique ideals. Like the worship of numbers, which we see in the so called “scientific community”, and animal sacrifice. Soon after, Rome, came to fruition, then later on the Roman Catholic Church was formed. Coincidence? Perhaps, but I think not.
You see, our ancestors knew very well what they stood on. They knew the Earth was flat, and the stars rotated above us. They created calendars, instruments, and experiments to prove this truth. Which is why the powers that be have created technological illusions via CGI and augmented reality technology (AR) to confuse, and trick, us visually. They’ve imagined overwhelming mathematical calculations that appear daunting to all but the mathematically inclined, the sole purpose of these sums is to confuse the ignorant masses into accepting the notion that “someone smarter” has figured it out. As well as using that overwhelming math in conjunction with pseudoscience to push their whims onto the scientifically illiterate, and lazy.
Thankfully, technology is beginning to be released that helps us see the truth for ourselves. Technology, like lasers, and rail guns, which rely on ‘line of sight’ to function. Technology, like the Nikon p900, which is capable of bringing boats back from “beyond the curve” by simply zooming in. All of which disprove the pythagorean theorem, used to calculate Earth’s alleged circumference. This particular experiment, bringing ships back from “beyond the curve”, has been demonstrated time and time again by civilian scientists conducting their own experiments, in search of the truth. Truth which will be found because objective reality cannot be falsified. And It’s for this very reason that we, civilian scientists separated by the same oceans that separated our ancestors, continue to seek that which our enforced authorities refuse us, the truth.
At the end of the day, I cannot force you to accept reality, I cannot force you to unlearn what you have learned, but I can present you with the knowledge needed to make an informed decision, the knowledge that will empower you to choose wisely. However, the choice to accept reality remains yours. Red pill or blue bill, which would you prefer?